School counsellors usually issue work permits for young people to minors who wish to enter the labour market. These documents serve as a legal check of age and ability to have employment in the state of Illinois. Forms are also binding agreements between potential employers and the state to prevent employment from interfering with the formal education of minors. Here are some facts about necessary work documents and how to get a summer work permit. Illinois minors must comply with work restrictions at all times. Employers must also comply with these laws by refusing to hire underage employees for the following duties: Labor certificates, also known as work permits, are mandatory in Illinois for minors under the age of 16. The certificate must be obtained by the minor and presented to his employer in order to verify his ability to work before hiring. If you`re an Illinoisan interested in working, it`s important to know the legal age to work in Illinois. If you are eligible to start working, you must consider any restrictions you face in the workplace due to your age. Working offers young people a variety of benefits.
It helps teens learn the value of money, responsibility, teamwork, punctuality and more. Work can also help young people become more independent. Instead of relying on their parents for pocket money, young workers can use their own money to buy clothes, music, concert tickets and other treats. Young workers can acquire such certificates at school. The superintendent issues the certificates, and parents and employers receive copies. Teens between the ages of 16 and 20 can also provide employers with an age certificate, but once a child turns 16, Illinois law does not require the certificate. The smoke-free Illinois law bans smoking in virtually all public places and workplaces, including offices, theaters, museums, libraries, educational institutions, schools, commercial facilities, enclosed shopping malls and retail stores, restaurants, bars, private clubs, and gaming facilities. 410 ILCS 82/) Illinois Tobacco Control Act. In Illinois, no employer may employ any of its employees during a work week of more than 40 hours unless that employee receives remuneration for his employment beyond the hours mentioned above, at least one and a half times the normal rate at which he is employed. There are some exceptions. Laws of Illinois Chapter 820. Employment § 105/4a.
Illinois has no limits on maximum hours of work for minors ages 16 and 17. Hazardous work that children under the age of 18 cannot do is very specifically described in federal and Illinois regulations. It prevents children under the age of 18 from using all but the safest machines and tools or from being nearby. For example, vacuum cleaners and floor waxes are fine, but no motor mowers or edges. During the summer holidays, restrictions for 14- or 15-year-olds will be relaxed to allow minors to work between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. Minors may also work up to 48 hours per week; However, they must continue to comply with restrictions prohibiting more than six consecutive working days. An official “certificate of employment” is required to legally employ persons under the age of 16. It is issued by the local director and requires an application signed by the parent or guardian. The employer and parent will each receive a copy of the certificate issued. Illinois labor laws state that, like the federal requirement, you generally have to be 14 to work, but young children can also work in the state.
For example, 12- and 13-year-olds can work on farms with their parents` consent. Generally, child labor laws do not apply to jobs such as childcare, gardening, newspaper delivery, and drama, meaning that teenagers and children can perform such work. Teens between the ages of 14 and 15 can work in a variety of jobs, including office workers, cashiers, cooks (with limited capacity), cleaners, kitchen workers, artists, intellectuals or creatives. However, they must not perform work that exposes them to hazardous materials, or in manufacturing or mining. In addition to laws requiring professional references or age checks for general employment of minors, most states have special regulations for the employment of minors in agriculture (e.g., farm work and harvesting) and entertainment industries (including child actors, models, and artists). How old do children have to be to work legally? I want to know what`s legal before my kids get summer jobs. Illinois` Workers` Compensation Act requires employers to purchase insurance that covers work-related injuries and occupational diseases, regardless of fault. It can also prevent an employee from taking legal action against the employer.
Employers with one or more employees are required to take out and publish insurance against accidents at work (with some exceptions) (Chapter 820, § 305/1). Some types of benefits include: The Industrial Revolution caused an increased need for coal for machines, which Illinois filled with children working in mines. The first law enacted concerning the employment of minors in Illinois was the Apprenticeship Act passed in 1819. Illinois currently has a binding agreement between employers and the state government not to interfere with education. In order for a minor to obtain a certificate of minor labor in Illinois at ages 14 and 15, their prospective employer must complete a declaration of intent to hire the minor. The employer may not employ the minor until the minor has provided him with a copy of his certificate of minor employment. Once this is received, the employer has the following duties: Are you worried about doing it alone? You may be able to get free legal help. During the summer (June 1 to Labour Day), children under the age of 16 can work: other specific restrictions for 14- and 15-year-olds are the same as for 16- and 17-year-olds, which prohibit work in an occupation considered dangerous. This list can be found below under Restrictions for 16- and 17-year-olds. Children aged 12 and 13 are only allowed to work on farms and with the consent of their parents. While fourteen- and fifteen-year-old jobs are largely subject to strict regulations, several job opportunities allow workers under the age of 14 to work legally in the state of Illinois.
Official jobs in youth sports leagues are jobs available to 12-year-olds and 13-year-olds. Thirteen-year-olds can also work as golf caddies at private country clubs and public courses. Jobs for young teens also include childcare, gardening, and various tasks with private residents, provided those teens have parental consent. No work permit is required for this age group. There are fewer restrictions on the type of jobs they are allowed to perform. You can work in general retail, fast food, fashion retail, department stores, and customer service positions However, minors between the ages of 14 and 17 are not allowed to work in any dangerous occupation listed below: Disclaimer: These documents do not constitute legal advice and should not be superseded by the advice of legal counsel. Effective Jan. 1, 2023, Illinois requires employees who work a continuous seven-and-a-half-hour shift to be given a lunch break of at least 20 minutes no later than five hours after the start of work hours. Workers who work more than seven and a half continuous hours are entitled to an additional 20 minutes of meal time for every additional four and a half continuous hours worked.
This meal time does not include reasonable time spent using the toilet. Illinois SB 3146. Child labor regulations may include the use of labor certificates issued by the minor`s school or the state Department of Labor and/or an age certificate document confirming the minor`s age for professional purposes. This page describes the provisions of the Illinois Child Labor Act. Illinois requires residents aged 14, 15 and 16 seeking employment in video or radio production to go through the same protocol to obtain a work permit in order to find employment. Minors who come from out of state to play roles in film, television, radio or theatrical productions must acquire the necessary forms to work as a minor in the state of Illinois, regardless of other laws of the home state. Only logged-in users can post comments. Please log in or register if you wish to leave a comment. We do our best to respond to any comments. We cannot provide legal advice in the comments, so if you have a question or need legal help, please see Getting Legal Help.
The Illinois Child Labor Act regulates the employment of workers under the age of 16 and prohibits most child labor under the age of 14. The Illinois Department of Labor, through its Fair Labor Standards Division, administers and enforces the Child Labor Act.