(1) In addition to the prohibitions in rule 8, every person (3) “employer” is a person who employs a child or performs work, subject to paragraph 3, commits an offence. Based on a review of available information, table 2 provides an overview of child labour by sector and activity. SAYP and the qualitative research review confirmed that South Africa does not appear to have as serious a child labour problem as other countries. In particular, the extent of child labour in the formal sectors of the economy is limited. However, SAYP also confirmed that there are indeed children in the country who perform unacceptable amounts of labor or unacceptable labor. South Africa clearly needs to address this if it is to fulfil its obligations under the Constitution and international conventions. Tackling problems as early as possible should also help to prevent them from multiplying and becoming more serious and difficult to solve in the future. (c) the employer provides the child with accommodation that: (b) for childcare or childcare purposes. On the basis of the above-mentioned reports, proposed measures to advance the elimination of child labour in South Africa are identified (Table 11). In 2021, labour law enforcement agencies in South Africa took steps to combat child labour (Table 6). However, there are shortcomings in the operations of the South African Department of Employment and Employment (SADOEL) that may hamper the proper enforcement of labour laws, including insufficient financial resources.
South African children are also exposed to the worst forms of child labour by being recruited and used in criminal activities. Gangs use child recruits, known as “springbokkies,” to monitor police, transport weapons, supply illegal drugs, and sometimes commit acts of violence, including murder. (20-22) This phenomenon is particularly prevalent around Cape Town in the Western Cape. Children under the age of 10 are not criminally responsible under South African law, so gangs recruit children to reduce the risk of prosecution for their activities. (22) In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of murders of children, some as young as 8 years old and gang-linked. (22) Studies indicate that this trend has further accelerated during the pandemic. School closures and the economic impact of the pandemic have increased children`s vulnerability to recruitment by gangs that provide food and money in exchange for cooperation in illegal activities. (22) (xiii) work in circumstances where it is reasonably foreseeable that the child will be subjected to physical, psychological or sexual abuse; 2. If the risk assessment shows that the power tool or other equipment is safe and does not pose a significant risk to the child worker when used with safety equipment or installations: (b) if the labour inspector is not empowered to investigate the offence, refer the matter to a labour inspector who is authorised to do so. 2) Warm protective clothing provided to working children must comply with section 2 (2) (b) (i) to (vi) of the Environmental Regulations for Workplaces managed by the Department of Social Development and the South African Social Security Agency and must provide unconditional monthly direct cash transfers to assist low-income parents and guardians in meeting the basic needs of their children.
(8,35,52) In 2021, the government increased the CSG by 2.2% and provided an additional $35 subsidy to unemployed South Africans, including those who received the CSG. 2. (a) identification of risks and hazards to which working children may be exposed; Anyone employing a child worker must post the required summary of these regulations in the workplace, where it can be read by employees, including child workers, who are in the workplace, which may include a summary of other relevant regulations and laws in their workplace. This summary is given in annex 2 to this Regulation. (a) if the child`s parents or legal guardians give their written consent; (a) the lesser of 15 kg or 20% of the child`s body weight; (2) The responsible social worker shall then examine the situation of the child working to determine whether the child is in need of care and protection and, if so, take appropriate measures to protect the child. 1. A child labourer should not use machinery or power tools or cutting or grinding equipment unless a risk assessment carried out in accordance with the regulations has shown that their use is safe and without significant risk to the child. The South African government has a wide range of existing programmes that directly and indirectly improve the situation of children. Many of them are aimed at poverty alleviation, such as public works programmes, the provision of basic infrastructure, access to basic services and the introduction of social subsidies for children.
The programmes are largely financed from the State budget. The Programme of Action to Combat Child Labour aims to complement and strengthen existing programmes where they do not adequately prevent child labour. Enforce child labor laws by conducting inspections at construction sites and operates labor centers across the country where complaints can be filed. (2,46) Refers victims to social workers and reports violations to the South African Police Service (SAPS) for further investigation and to the South African Department of Justice and Constitutional Development (DOJ) for prosecution. (2,47,48) chairs the Implementation Committee of the Programme of Action on Child Labour. (49) (3) Any form of work listed in this Regulation constitutes the worst form of child labour within the meaning of the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 adopted by the International Labour Organisation. 1. A child labourer shall not, in the course of his or her work, lift an object weighing more than: In addition to SAYP, the Programme of Action on Child Labour reviewed all known qualitative studies carried out in South Africa in areas relevant to this policy. This report has been used in particular to inform policy elements dealing with forms of work and employment that cannot be addressed by survey methods and has been published as a working paper on a national programme of action on child labour.  (b) prepare a written report to be submitted to the Director-General.